Persepolis (Old Persian:𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿,Pārsa; Modern Persian: پرسپولیس) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). It is situated 60 km northeast of the city of Shiraz in Fars Province, Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
The English word Persepolis is derived from Greek Persépolis (Περσέπολις), a compound of Pérsēs (Πέρσης) and pólis (πόλις), meaning “the Persian city” or “the City of the Persians”.
To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Pārsa (Old Persian: 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿), which is also the word for “Persia” (more accurately, the region of Persis).
Because Persians of Late Antiquity believed Jamshid, an Iranian mythological figure, built its monuments, since the time of the Sasanian period (224–651 AD) the site has been known as Takht-e-Jamshid (Persian: تخت جمشید Taxt e Jamšīd, [ˌtʰæxtʰed͡ʒæmˈʃiːd], literally “Throne of Jamshid”).
Another modern Persian name for the site was Chel Menar (چهل منار), also transliterated as Chehel Menar and Chilminar, which means “40 columns.”
Archaeological evidence shows that the earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. André Godard, the French archaeologist who excavated Persepolis in the early 1930s, believed that it was Cyrus the Great who chose the site of Persepolis, but that it was Darius I who built the terrace and the palaces.
Since, to judge from the inscriptions, the buildings of Persepolis commenced with Darius I, it was probably under this king, with whom the scepter passed to a new branch of the royal house, that Persepolis became the capital of Persia proper. As the residence of the rulers of the empire, however, a remote place in a difficult alpine region was far from convenient. The country’s true capitals were Susa, Babylon and Ecbatana. This accounts for the fact that the Greeks were not acquainted with the city until Alexander the Great took and plundered it.
Hadish years, but in 1979 was called the Palace of Xerxes A. Shapur Shahbazi during archaeological excavations on top of the umbrella Xerxes was written in Jersey in the northeast corner of King Darius, whose name has been entered, and this proved to be the palace in the the reign of Darius and Xerxes began building it has completed.
The palace remained in the Western Ghat and Eastern staircase was rebuilt in 1357. The central hall of the palace with its large courtyard are 36 columns in the south. The Courtyard by Ivan 12 columns of the Forum. East and West Hall is located in the south-facing rooms also seen a porch to the harem of view. The House relied on large stones and fireworks destroyed Macedonian king
Address : Iran – Fars – Shiraz Persepolis